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Mycena chlorantha (Fr.) P. Kumm.

Führer Pilzk. (Zwickau): 110 (1871)

© 2007 Michael Krikorev www.svampguiden.com


Growing among sparse and low vegetation of grasses, Carex and mosses on poor sandy soil in coastal dunes. Autumn. Rare (NT) according to the Red List Of Threatened Fungi In Norway 2010. Records in the Norwegian Mycological Database.

Pileus 6-25 mm across, obtusely conical or convex to campanulate, without or with obtuse umbo, smooth to shallowly sulcate, translucent-striate, hygrophanous, olive green to olive brownish or olivaceous yellow-green to dingy yellowish grey-green, sometimes with the centre more brownish or slightly fulvous, and the margin very pale greyish green to pale yellowish or of a bright citrine, fading considerably on drying out and turning ochraceous greenish yellow, pale olivaceous yellow or brownish yellow. Lamellae (14-)16-22 reaching the stipe, ascending, adnate (sometimes rather narrowly) to emarginate and not infrequently decurrent with a tooth, dingy whitish or very pale greyish brown to pale yellowish grey-green, the edge pale yellow to citrine or greenish yellow to greenish, finally concolorous with or even paler than the sides. Stipe 15-50 x 1-2 mm, hollow, fairly firm, equal or slightly broadened below, straight or curved, smooth to subfibrillose, pruinose or minutely puberulous above, glabrous for the greater part, slightly shiny, pale grey-brown or dingy yellowish grey-green to fairly dark grey tinged olive green, at the apex dingy whitish or pale watery grey to pale grey-brown, the base covered with long, coarse, flexuous, pale greenish to whitish fibrils. Odour indistinctive or somewhat chemical when fresh, but pronouncedly of iodoform on drying out.

Basidia 23-41 x 8-12 µm, clavate, 4-spored, with sterigmata 5-9 µm long. Spores (8-)9-11 x 5.2-6.5(-7) µm, Q=1.4-1.6, Qav=1.56, pip-shaped, smooth, amyloid. Cheilocystidia 15-40 x 8-22 µm, occuring mixed with basidia to more or less forming a sterile band, clavate to obpyriform, sometimes sublageniform to almost cylindrical, with pale green to yellowish contents, covered with fairly few, evenly spaced warts or cylindrical excrescenses 1-6 x 0.5-1.5 µm, more rarely entirely smooth, and sometimes with much longer and broader, branched excrescences. Pleurocystidia similar, if present. Lamellar trama dextrinoid, vinaceous in Melzer’s reagent. Hyphae of the pileipellis 2-4.5 µm wide, covered with warts or cylindrical excrescences 0.5-7 x 0.5-1.5 µm, which tend to grow into much longer, very branched, densely corraloid masses; terminal cells clavate, smooth or covered with excrescences. Hyphae of the cortical layer of the stipe 2-3.5 µm wide, sparsely covered with warts or cylindrical excrescences 0.5-7.5 x 1-1.5 µm. Clamp connections present in all tissues.

Microphotos of cheilocystidia - 1

Microphotos of cheilocystidia - 2

Mycena chlorantha is a member of sect. Filipedes (Fr.) Quél. I have not yet seen this species, and the macroscopic description above has been taken from Maas Geesteranus (1984). The microscopic details are referring to the examination of a specimen kindly put to my disposal by Dr. Maas Geesteranus, Leiden.

Mycena chlorantha is confined to coastal sand dunes and coastal grassland. Reports from woods have proved to be misidentifications, e.g. of Mycena arcangeliana. It grows exclusively on grasses, especially on Ammophila (Elborne 1996).

Go to sect. Filipedes.

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